Necessity is the Mother of Invention

Because natural stone has been used in much the same ways for centuries, a common assumption is that very little has changed in the fabrication and finishing of stone. Not true. At Yellow Mountain StoneWorks we are continually innovating new finishes and processes to solve specific problems and achieve the aesthetic visions of the designers with whom we collaborate.

On a recent residential project in Hawaii, the design intent was to create a visual flow by using the same limestone for the interior flooring as the exterior patio and pool surround. The interior stone tiles were honed to a beautiful effect, but that wouldn’t work for the pool area because the finish would be too slippery under wet feet. In response, we applied a subtle antique finish to the pavers surrounding the pool – adding just enough texture to create a lovely barefoot feel, reduce slippage, and maintain the desired aesthetic.

“In architecture and landscaping projects the best use of natural stone heightens both art and function,” said John Williams, President and co-owner of Yellow Mountain StoneWorks. “This is when we’re reminded that necessity is the mother of invention; we have to be able to create a solution that meets all of the requirements of a project.”

We first developed our antique finish in order to provide newly quarried stone with the same rich patina and textured character of ancient reclaimed stone. The beauty of the product, combined with the achieved cost, time, and supply efficiencies inspired us to continue evolving new methods. Over the past few years we have created a foundation of standardized techniques from which we can now create infinite variations across multiple types of stone.

“This flexibility allows us to address a client’s concern about texture, glare, friction, color, visual impact, whatever they are worried about by subtlety or dramatically adjusting the finish,” says Nicole Gelpi, Yellow Mountain StoneWorks co-owner and Director of Marketing. “For example, corduroy and pineapple finishes, which are both dramatic, traditional Chinese percussive finishes, become softer when combined with an antique finish. A honed finish can reduce or eliminate glare. And a mushroom finish can add greater or lesser degrees of texture and shadow to interior and exterior walls.”

But even with an infinite palette of finishes – the innovation doesn’t stop here. Because Yellow Mountain StoneWorks sources stone from around the world and different stones have unique characteristics to be highlighted or subdued, we continue to develop new techniques. Our goal is simple: increase our clients’ ability to confidently and cost-effectively customize their projects.

Communing with Stone

Some people talk to trees, some talk to their cars; sculptor Paul Keeslar talks to stone ― and the stone talks back.

For the past 30+ years, artist Paul Keeslar has been communing with stone – and the results are stunning and varied. Sculptures include large and small, abstract and representative pieces that share a profound, universal beauty. His architectural stone work comprises traditional and contemporary interior and exterior architectural elements, landscapes, and restoration. On a current project for the University of Puget Sound, Paul is adding multiple stone elements like archways, benches, and window surrounds to create an aesthetic bridge between old and new buildings.

Buddha – Red Utah Sandstone

Paul’s expertise in stone is so extensive he is regularly called to consult on unique and challenging projects; that was how we met him. When we realized recently that Paul’s talents go far beyond architectural stone work, we invited ourselves to his studio and had a remarkable conversation about creativity, craft, and the seductive power of stone.

YM: How did you discover your passion for working with stone?

PK: Well when I was a young boy, I used to collect cool rocks, fossils and stuff; I was fascinated by them. I used to go out in the fields and just find things and bring them home.

YM: (laughs) I have a great vision of your boyhood bedroom.

PK: Exactly!  My mom was always pulling her hair out about my growing collections.

YM: Did you study art in school?

PK: In high school I was interested in science and math; I was really good in math, which is handy on my architectural projects. I started taking art classes in college and really liked it, so I transferred to the School of the Art Institute of Chicago where I got my BFA. During that same time, I took my first sculpting class at the Blackhawk Mountain School of Art in Colorado. I just fell in love with it. Thirty years later, I’m still in love.

YM: What is about stone do you think, that continues to hold you?

PK: It’s the timeless quality of it. To be able to manipulate a piece of stone that’s been around for millions of years is captivating to me.

YM: There is so much history captured in stone, and stories that are revealed as you work with it.

PK: Absolutely. It’s different than working with wood or metal, or plaster or concrete. Stone is so intimate and inviting.

YM: And tactile. It makes you want to touch it, to connect with it.

 PK: Yes, especially when you create different kinds of textures. I think about that when I’m creating a piece, because I want people to feel that pull.

YM: Do you start with a vision of what you want to create and then get the stone, or do you get the stone first?

PK: When I’m doing sculptures for myself that I’ll sell later, I usually work with stone I have, or I’ll buy a raw piece. Then I set it up and just observe it for however long it takes before something starts to develop within my mind. Or until something is dictated to me from the stone; it will start to communicate its essence to me, although sometimes it takes a couple of whacks of the hammer…you know…

YM: …to say, “Talk to me.”

PK: Yeah, exactly. “Hello? It’s been six weeks, say something. Anybody in there?” Allowing the spirit of the stone to be set free and then to let that essence take hold of you in its simplistic ideals is what I struggle to achieve in the creative process.

YM: Who or what has influenced you along your creative path?

PK: Foremost I’d have to say my dad, Cliff Kesslar. He has been an artist and designer my whole life and I’ve been hugely influenced by his art and his discipline. He creates beautiful, paper sculptures using a technique he developed where he builds layer upon layer of paper and creates the illusion of a three-dimensional space. It’s very dramatic, and he has been very successful at it. I’ve also always been influenced by Michelangelo and Leonardo Da Vinci. And I enjoy more contemporary artists like Constantin Brâncuși and Isamu Noguchi.

YM: Most of Brancusi’s work was in the first part of the 20th century and Noguchi began finding fame mid-century. Is there a next generation of sculptors?

PK: Not in any great number. I remember when I first got into stone thinking, this is such a cool medium for expression, and it’s barely known among my contemporaries. At the time, there were people doing stone countertops and such, but there wasn’t the stone art that used to exist. And I really wanted to bring that back. That’s one of the reasons I teach.

YM: Are the techniques much the same as they were in Michelangelo’s age?

PK: For the most part, yes. Sculpting is as much about learning patience as it is techniques. It’s putting your mind into it and then having the patience to allow the piece to come forward slowly. I usually teach hands-on only for the first couple of years; it’s hammer and chisel…and a lot of elbow grease. But the student will learn patience, they’ll learn technique, they’ll learn mind to hand coordination… and then control. And if they stick with it, ultimately they’ll find their own artistic expression.

YM: How did you get into architectural stone work?

PK: When I first moved out here from Michigan, it took a while to start selling my artwork so to make ends meet I was doing some construction work. And then I met a guy in town here that had a stone business doing exterior and interior architectural stone work. He was looking for somebody to do all the carving for him. I decided I’d give it a shot and I worked for him for about five years just getting to know everything about the trade.

YM: Similar to an apprenticeship?

PK: Yes. We built fountains, bridges, archways and all kinds of stuff. It was great experience, and to make a long story short, he ending up leaving town and since there was clearly a need I decided to take over the business. I said to the clients, “I’ll help you guys out, you know, if you can help me get started,” and it worked out just great.

YM: Do you find it challenging to balance your artwork with the architectural stone work?

PK: I consider it all to be artwork…for the most part. The sculptures engage my brain differently in terms of communing with a stone in order to express its essence. But I’ve worked on some amazingly creative architectural projects that have really challenged me. For example, I did a cylindrical fireplace with an elliptical opening in white marble and a large stone door with no visible hardware that you can open with the push of a finger, like it weighs nothing – that was super cool!

YM: What’s the main difference for you between sculpting and the architectural work?

PK: (laughs) There is a lot more collaboration required on the architectural projects.

YM: Ha, that’s true. We’ve found that it’s best to get involved as early as possible. That way we can understand the goals of the project and make recommendations on the stone, fabrication and installation techniques that will work best.

PK: Definitely. Everyone has their area of expertise, and if you can leverage that across any given project, it usually results in a smoother process and the best possible outcome.

YM: Your work is so varied – not only between the architectural work and the sculptures, but you’re also working in bronze, wood, stained glass and combining elements as well.

PK: It’s exciting delving into new materials and trying my hand at new things…even if I’ve never done it before. It’s always nice being able to take a risk, or more to the point, to not be afraid to take a risk.

YM: You have to give yourself permission to make mistakes.

PK: Precisely. That’s critical to the creative the process.

YM: I agree; so it makes me curious about what we are not seeing in all this beautiful artwork. Are there piles of broken stone that stand as evidence of directions you took that ultimately just didn’t work?

PK: Occasionally. I’ve rarely ever broken any stone, but I’ll change the design around completely and allow the stone to tell me something else that it wants me to make out of it. There was one time I was working on this big marble piece back in Michigan; I had all these ideas of what I wanted to do with it. I wanted to create a tropical rainforest with birds and stuff and I just got crazy with it. So I was carving out this head of a toucan bird and it was coming out great and then all of a sudden the whole nose breaks. After all that time carving that thing out and it just drops off, I was devastated. But eventually I thought, you know maybe that’s not what the stone wanted me to do with it. So I changed my whole perspective on that piece and I turned it into an abstract rather than something visually specific. It ended up being really cool and I sold it to an art collector in Michigan.

YM: When you’re doing your art, do you get lost in it? Do you look up and it’s tomorrow?

PK: All the time. When I’m doing my art for sure…and also when I’m doing architectural work that I really enjoy. To lose all track of time and just be so involved in what you’re doing is energizing and peaceful at the same time. It’s wonderful. It’s falling in love all over again.

To contact Paul Keeslar for more information, email

Executing a Vision, Revitalizing a City

An interview with Gary Sexton, the man behind the revival of Bremerton, Washington’s waterfront.

At the end of the 20st century, the waterfront city of Bremerton, Washington had suffered 30 years of neglect, blight, and failed attempts at rejuvenation. Home to the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton had a robust population of 80,000 people at the peak of World War II, and hosted Presidents Roosevelt and Truman. But following the war, the city’s fortunes began to diminish and by 1978 the Bremerton City Council declared the entire downtown a “blighted area.” Despite the city’s proximity to Seattle and beautiful natural surroundings, throughout the ‘80 and ‘90s the downtown core was composed almost entirely of empty storefronts and the waterfront was little more than a parking lot.

Fortunately, the forces necessary to reinvent Bremerton for the 21st century were coming into position; one of those forces was local attorney and avocational landscape designer Gary Sexton. In 2002, Gary was hired by newly elected mayor Cary Bozeman to oversee the development of a waterfront conference center. Ten years later, Gary was responsible for overseeing the completion of a hotel next to the conference center, the Norm Dicks Government Center, an expanded marina, Waterfront Fountain Park, an underground tunnel for ferry traffic, and above the tunnel, Memorial Plaza: a pedestrian park that borders the main entrance to the shipyard and honors more than a century of its workers. And just this spring, a large stone medallion was installed at a downtown intersection marking the border of Bremerton’s revitalized core.

Yellow Mountain StoneWorks had the pleasure being part of Gary’s extraordinary team of architects, designers, artists, vendors, engineers and construction workers. We sat down with Gary recently to talk about what it takes to realize a vision of this magnitude.

YM: When Mayor Bozeman originally contacted you about the Kitsap Conference Center project, did you have any idea what it would evolve into?

GS: (laughs) No, I didn’t. Just before Cary took office he contacted me and said that there was a project that was about to fail, which was the conference center, and he asked if I would come work on it for six months just to get the design and the financing put together. So, I said I would and that was 10 years ago.

YM: What was your background that made you the man for the job?

GS: You’d have to ask Cary Bozeman, but I think because in my law practice I represented both the public and private sectors and generally speaking, in complex development projects and litigation. And this project would require handling multiple city, county and state agencies as well as private developers. Plus, I was born and raised here; I care about the city.

YM: How did the vision for the waterfront develop?

GS: For everything we’ve done the foundational criteria was to allow people access to our waterfront, to create a connection between people and our waterfront. We wanted to try to create something where people want to come, to create somewhat of a destination. And we just kept coming up with more ways to do that. We were on a mission.

YM: So was this more for the citizens of Bremerton or an attempt to attract tourists?

GS: I’m not sure that we made that kind of a distinction. It was: make a place that’s welcoming and comfortable and happy for whoever might come here. That means make a place where kids want to be, older people, working people, visitors. It used to be that if you lived in Bremerton you didn’t want to come downtown or invite your friends and family to come because so many would say, “Why do I want to come to Bremerton?” So our goal was to provide an answer to that question.

YM: Why was it important for you to use natural stone?

GS: It ties to creating a connection for people. When you look at the places where people gravitate, and obviously there are huge variables, but generally there is something that resonates with people emotionally: an aesthetic appeal, heart, and often a sense of lasting peacefulness and longevity. When you look at rock, you know, that’s where we came from. With the rock and trees and granite, I wanted to make a public space that can evolve and remain the same at the same time.

YM: You were very hands on with the design elements. What you were looking for in your design team?

GS: I wanted people who truly are creative, but also collaborative, and excited about the project. With publically funded projects there isn’t the kind of money there is for private developments, so I needed people who were personally invested in the project, who cared about the outcome.

Wet Design is a great example of this. They’d done phenomenal water fountains all around the world, including the Bellagio in Las Vegas, but always in the middle of a city or in the desert; they’d never done something on the water, water on the water. The owner of Wet Design, who was then one of the lead designers, was fascinated by that idea of being able to tie what he does with water scientifically in with the natural water setting and the natural stone. So even though we couldn’t pay what they typically would receive, they took the project under their wing, started doing some things and then collaborated with me and with the stone artist Will Robinson.

YM: It sounds like that the way that you inspire people to do their best work was to create an environment where they could create a personal investment in the outcome.

GS: I think it’s fair to say that for each project, I set some guidelines for what the space is supposed to do. As opposed to saying, ‘Here’s my vision,’ I said, ‘Here’s the space and here’s the goal. You use your creativity and your brilliance to achieve that.’ I wanted people to feel that they had the opportunity to be creative and bring their expertise, but that they also couldn’t just do it themselves. They had to be part of a true team – a team that really cared about the project.

YM: It must have been challenging sometimes, bringing such a diverse group of experts together.

GS: Developing a true collaboration and a melding of those views is sometimes very difficult. You’ve got to really sit down and hash it out until you come up with the best solution. I’ve been real fortunate to find phenomenally creative people who are willing to pull down a little and not have to be the sole source of the answer. I think that’s the reason the quality is so good – everyone involved, from the designers to the suppliers to the contractors were able to engage and add some of their own creativity and expertise to the process.

YM: What would be your primary advice to city officials who have a vision for a big, public project like a waterfront revitalization?

GS: Probably to think first about creating a place that allows good pedestrian access, more of a village concept where it’s a melting pot for people of all the ages. That has to be your fundamental goal and to create the connectivity to the water. Second, you have to, in my mind, create a very high level of autonomy for the project and not approach it as a team or committee. Designate one person who understands the vision for the project and can work with private sector professionals and then trust that person to get the job done.

YM: Did you learn the importance of autonomy the easy or hard way?

GS: The easy way. I’ve had a tremendous amount of autonomy, which is rare in this kind of public endeavor. I’ve always had phenomenal teams, just not teams of bureaucrats and administrators. That’s one of the reasons this project actually got done in the timeframe it did. Plus, I had tremendous support from key people on the bureaucracy and government side. As Norm Dicks (U.S. Representative for Washington’s 6th congressional district since 1977) would say, and Cary Bozeman, they both would basically say, ‘I trust him, he tells me what he wants, I go get it and I take the credit.’ I was very fortunate to have the powers-that-be want this project to be successful.

YM: What would be your advice to somebody in your position who is responsible for making a project like this happen?

GS: Well first, recognize that’s it’s a lot of work – you’ve got to have a passion for it. If you don’t believe in what you’re doing you’re probably not going to do it very well. Second, you need to be connected to whatever you’re trying to accomplish. You need to be connected to architects, engineers, artists and to the public, private sectors and funding sources. Once you see that somebody can create access, then you’d better go get to know them. And finally, take the time to put together the right team, to find the right people to get done what you want to get done. Sometimes you have to blow somebody out and kind of start over or find a different resource, but the most important thing is that you want people who truly are creative and that understand your goals and share your vision.

YM: What was the biggest surprise for you in doing this whole project?

GS: Probably the rewards. Hearing people say the waterfront makes them feel good, actually seeing kids playing in the water features. That’s certainly great, but coming down here or being in Canada or other places and having people say, ‘I was just over there and it’s really cool,’ and them being able to describe why they like it or a particular thing that they focused on. Or people saying, ‘I had my family or I had people up here from California and we would never come into Bremerton. We would always go somewhere else and now we do.’ It’s a wonderful surprise every time.


Mission accomplished.

Aging Stone

There is an undeniable beauty and richness to ancient stone – infused as it is with evidence of geological time and human endeavor. And for certain architectural and landscaping projects, painting with this resonant palette deepens the resulting aesthetic. But stone that is both centuries-old and available for contemporary projects is rare. And for consistency across large scale projects, finding enough reclaimed ancient stone with the same features is even rarer. So we asked ourselves, how can we create the depth and character of ancient stone on the surfaces of newly quarried stone?  In essence: how do we conjure age?

Rusty Manchu Caviar - Antiqued

We started, as we often do, by experimenting. Starting with granites, we played with different combinations and manipulations of hand-tooled finishes and surface treatments until we achieved the same rich, weathered patina and soft feel that is accomplished by centuries of exposure. The result was not a specific solution but rather the ability to create a flexible palette of antique finishes that move between a subtle and dramatic aesthetic.

This led us to explore “aging” limestones. Chinese limestones are unique and provocative, with saturated colors, lots of fossilization, and interesting sedimentary elements. Like granites, limestones have the density and strength to take percussive hand finishes, but are soft enough to allow surface treatments to organically reveal a complex appearance and inviting texture.

Currently Yellow Mountain StoneWorks antiqued limestones can be found in homes from Hawaii to the Hamptons. Because of its soft, nubby texture, in many cases antiqued limestone is being used for interior flooring and exterior paving.  It’s also an elegant, effective solution on walls, and for bathroom sinks, treads and risers.

“It’s been exciting to expose designers and architects to the infinite possibilities with antique finishes,” says Nicole Gelpi, Yellow Mountain StoneWorks Owner and Director of Marketing.  “By using different tools and treatments, or creating unique combinations of techniques, we can deliver customized finishes exclusive to a designer and/or a particular project.”

Power Play

Do you remember playing as a kid?  Or perhaps more recently watching kids play?  There is an exquisite freedom to explore, invent, question, create, problem solve, fail, try again…and it’s all fun.  But as we get older, play becomes something that children do and work becomes something that adults do.  And we believe these two activities to be mutually exclusive: play is not work and work is not fun.

Even for those of us working in creative endeavors, where freewheeling creative energy is essential to our success and our well-being, it’s difficult to give ourselves permission to play.  But think about the perpetuating energy of play.  If you’re having a good time, do you want to stop?  No.  But how do we justify playing when faced with dragging timelines, ballooning budgets and indecisive clients – in essence, when we don’t have answers to questions or solutions to issues?  We would put forth that this is exactly when we should play.

At a TED Talk conference themed, Serious Play, legendary graphics designer Paula Scher reviewed her career within the literal context of the theme.  During her presentation, Ms. Scher describes only four moments during her 35 year career when conditions combined to make her work serious play.  She considers these projects, including creating environmental graphics for buildings (pictured above), to be her most successful, both professionally and personally. And what they all have in common is that she felt utterly unqualified when she started, which gave her the freedom to play.

Play lets us move beyond asking what a thing is, to asking what we can do with it.  It allows us to let go of assumptions and play with possibilities.  In working with natural stone, it would be easy to only supply the standard finishes for the standard uses that designers have come to expect, and that they understand.  But where is the fun in that…for anyone?  “The most satisfying part of my day is when I can play with a designer to unlock new possibilities – something beautiful that neither of us have previously imagined, but is perfect for the project,” said Nicole Gelpi VP of Marketing for Yellow Mountain StoneWorks.

The simple truth is: that no matter our age, play stimulates our imagination, arouses our curiosity, and encourages collaboration – all of which leads to discovery and creativity. Play gives us a safe context in which to take risks, get messy, find new perspectives, and innovate.  And it’s fun.  A whole lot of fun.

And so we encourage you to play.  And in writing this, we remind ourselves to play.  The best design starts on a playground of infinite possibilities and a rousing game of kick the can.